Receding Gums: The Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Receding gums, also known as gingival recession, is a common oral health condition that occurs when the gum tissue around the teeth begins to pull away, exposing more of the tooth and the tooth's root. This can lead to a variety of dental problems, including sensitivity, tooth decay, and even tooth loss. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for receding gums is crucial for maintaining good oral health.

One of the most common causes of receding gums is poor oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing your teeth improperly, or not brushing and flossing enough, can lead to the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. This can cause the gums to become inflamed and begin to recede. Other causes include genetics, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes.

The most obvious symptom of receding gums is the appearance of longer teeth, as the gum line recedes and exposes more of the tooth. Other symptoms include sensitive teeth, especially to hot or cold temperatures, and bleeding gums while brushing or flossing.

The treatment options for receding gums depend on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In most cases, the first line of treatment is to improve oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing more effectively and regularly. In more severe cases, a scaling and root planing procedure may be necessary to remove plaque and tartar buildup below the gum line. In some cases, a gum grafting procedure may be necessary to replace missing gum tissue.

It's important to note that receding gums can be a sign of more serious oral health problems and should not be ignored. If you suspect you have receding gums, it is important to schedule an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. They will be able to examine your gums and teeth and recommend the appropriate treatment. In addition to seeking professional treatment, practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding tobacco use, limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding excessive teeth grinding are good ways to prevent receding gums and maintain good oral health.

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