The Signs and Symptoms of Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a serious condition that affects the mouth, tongue, and throat. It is often caused by excessive alcohol consumption and tobacco use, but can also be caused by other factors such as HPV infection and exposure to UV radiation. Early detection of oral cancer is crucial for successful treatment, so it is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of this disease.

One of the most common symptoms of oral cancer is a sore or ulcer in the mouth that does not heal within two weeks. This can be accompanied by pain or discomfort, especially when eating or speaking. Other symptoms include white or red patches on the gums, tongue, or inside of the cheeks, as well as a lump or thickening of the skin in the mouth.

Other signs of oral cancer include difficulty swallowing, changes in speech, and a persistent sore throat or hoarseness. Some people may also experience numbness or tingling in the mouth or jaw, as well as unexplained weight loss.

In addition to these symptoms, it is also important to be aware of any changes in the way your teeth fit together or changes in the way your dentures fit. These can be indicative of changes in the jaw or mouth that may be caused by oral cancer.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist or doctor as soon as possible. They will be able to examine your mouth and throat, and may refer you to a specialist for further testing.

It is worth noting that many of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, such as an infection or injury. However, it is always best to err on the side of caution and have 

any unusual symptoms checked out by a professional. Regular dental check-ups and screenings can also help to detect oral cancer in its early stages, when it is most treatable.

It's also important to be aware of the risk factors associated with oral cancer. Heavy alcohol consumption and tobacco use are the most common risk factors. Additionally, exposure to UV radiation, specifically from sunbeds, can also increase the risk of oral cancer. People with HPV infections, especially HPV 16 and 18, are also at increased risk.

In summary, oral cancer is a serious condition that can have devastating consequences if not detected and treated early. By being aware of the signs and symptoms, and by taking steps to reduce your risk factors, you can help to protect yourself from this disease. If you notice any unusual symptoms, or if you have any concerns about your oral health, don't hesitate to consult a professional.

Regresar al blog